Yearly Physical above 40

As we enter mid-adulthood, we become more prone to risk of disease. Degenerative disease is no longer something in the far-off future, but something we have to consciously avoid by making changes in our diet and lifestyle.

But how do you maintain your health while also balancing so many different obligations? All it takes is setting aside a few hours to see your doctor for a checkup.

1. Heart disease prevention

When you’re in your 40s, the first thing your primary care physician is going to want to check is your risk for heart disease. The goal here is to prevent cardiovascular disease and reduce the risk of a myocardial infarction, also known as a heart attack.

If anything looks out of the ordinary, your physician will be able to provide tips and instructions on how to manage any health concerns.

If you’re a man, between the ages of 45-79, your primary care physician may recommend medications, like aspirin, to help prevent cardiovascular disease.

2. Diabetes screening

After your heart is checked, the next thing your primary care physician will do is screen you for diabetes. This goes on regularly from the ages of 40 to 70. There are many risk factors for diabetes, such as being overweight, obese or experiencing hypertension or hyperlipidemia.

Based on your results, your doctor will be able to provide treatment options.

3. Dyslipidemia screening

Your primary care physician will also do a screening for dyslipidemia, a condition characterized by abnormal concentrations of lipids or lipoproteins in the blood. Screenings for dyslipidemia are also based on age and gender.

4. BMI evaluation

Additionally, your primary care physician will check your body mass index (BMI) — a measure of body fat determined by the ratio between your weight and height. This number indicates how healthy your weight is.

During this process, your primary care physician is going to do an obesity screening. If this value seems out of the ordinary, counseling will be provided.

This is a good time to talk to your primary care physician about your:

  • Physical activity
  • Nutrition
  • Daily habits

This discussion will determine whether there should be some counseling on:

  • Exercise tips and activities
  • Eating habits (consuming 5 or more servings of fruits or vegetables daily)
  • Preventing heart disease
  • If you’re a woman and planning for pregnancy, adding supplements like folic acid to your diet may be discussed.

5.Nutritional counseling and physical

In your 40s, diet is key to maintaining a long life. Your primary care physician will ask you about what you are eating, what vitamins you are taking and how much physical activity you are involved in each week. A plan will then be laid out to prevent damage to the heart’s major blood vessels.

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